historical record – writing that has historical value; events that are remembered and preserved in some authentic form for future study.
idiomatic - peculiar to or characteristic of the style or manner of a particular group or people.
joinery – the art or trade of constructing articles or items by joining pieces of wood.
marse – idiomatic term for "master."
nogging – rough brick masonry used to fill in the open spaces of a wooden frame structure.
primary source – a piece of information about a historical event or period in which the creator of the source was an actual participant in or a contemporary of a historical moment.
sharecropping – the agricultural system in which landless farmers rent land and purchase goods on credit and pay the landlord or merchant with a share of the crop they produce.
summer gentry – the upper or ruling class of a society, usually those of great wealth or aristocratic birth who spend the summers vacationing in mild climates.