Teaching through our historic sites

Glossary of Terms

  1. amnesty - the act of an authority (as a government) by which pardon is granted to a large group of individuals.
  2. assassination – the murder, usually of a prominent person, by sudden or secret attack often for political reasons.
  3. blockade – An organized effort to prevent supplies, troops, or information from aiding an opposing force. Blockades play a central role in most military campaigns. During the American Civil War, the Union Blockade, which was set up along the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts, limited the passage of trade goods, supplies, and arms to and from the Confederacy.
  4. cessation – a temporary or final ceasing of some action; termination.
  5. Confederate – Related to the Confederate States of America (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia), which were collectively known as "the Confederacy" during the American Civil War.
  6. hypothetical – of or relating to a hypothesis; relating to an assumption made in order to draw out and test its logical consequences.
  7. legitimacy – the quality or state of being lawful or legal.
  8. Mason-Dixon Line – The Mason-Dixon Line was surveyed by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon between 1763 and 1767 in order to resolve a border dispute between British colonies in Colonial America. In popular usage today, it symbolizes a cultural boundary between the northern and southern United States.
  9. mustered out – formally discharged from service.
  10. parole – agreements that promised prisoners special privileges upon the fulfillment of stated conditions. During the American Civil War, paroles signed by Johnston's officers and men stated that parolees would be allowed to return home, so long as they did not take up arms against the government of the United States.
  11. rationing - the controlled distribution of goods; generally occurs during a severe shortage in supply to ensure that important items last for an extended period of time. Military rationing occurred on both sides of the American Civil War, but civilian rationing would have only taken place in the South and was a matter of discipline rather than a government mandate.
  12. Reconstruction – the period during and after the American Civil War, between 1863 and 1877, when the U.S. focused on abolishing slavery, eliminating all traces of the Confederacy, and "reconstructing" both the political and social structure of South.
  13. scenario – a possible course of action or course of events.
  14. stringent – tight or constricted; severe and unyielding.
  15. Union – The U.S. federal government and its supporting states (California, Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wisconsin) were collectively known as "the Union" during the American Civil War.
  16. yeoman farmer – a person who owns and cultivates a small farm.

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